No matter how different the period and style the design of your landscape or garden is, always remember that they all make use of similar principles of basic design. The following factors must be considered when it comes to well designed gardens: its scale, unity, tone and color, space division, light and shade, and space division.
Garden designers must also be mindful about the seasonal changes and the maturation of plants. Lastly, time is of the essence when it comes to garden design unlike other decorative and fine arts.
Unity is the first thing to consider.
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Unity is an aspect that is usually lacking in gardens of today maybe because of the influence brought about by the contemporary era. People are used to living hectic schedules that they only get to fix their gardens and lives as they go along. The overall goal, however, for unity is to give a strength of purpose or totality to the garden design. The texture and tone and color can be used to unify the garden elements, but these do not immediately make a garden whole.
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Gardens nowadays make use of an inward design because not all people can afford to live in country estates where the horizon is easily seem over the hill. Even so, this does not imply that one cannot obtain a static or progressive garden design. Leading the eyes down an axis is the goal of the progressive type of garden design. On the other hand, the static garden design is made on an open space in the center where the eye is able to focus to the rest of the garden.
Another factor worthy of consideration is scale.
Whatever design you have in mind, it is always vital to consider its scale. You should bear in mind that even an outdoor room is competing with the sky’s vastness. It is important to take into account the laws of perspective as well as ample proportion of your design. The human scale must be considered when it comes to defining the garden or landscape space. To further relate your landscape or garden to other people, adding a buffer or transition of medium scale to your garden is a good idea if huge trees or other assets of gigantic proportions.
Now as regards the scale of the your garden design, you can choose one of two choices. You can prefer to have each part fit together as one whole part. Meanwhile, you can only opt to get one part dominate the whole of your garden. This is one method of creating a focal point. You should also consider how both your eyes react. By looking down, expect your view to be lengthened; by looking uphill, expect your view to be shortened. You may blur or enlarge your garden boundaries by placing them in shade.